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Aureol And The Ambiguities Of The Distinction Of Reason

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Chapter Summary

It is well known that the schoolmen were often occupied in differentiating between the possible meanings of sentences like "A is not B", where A and B refer to simple terms, not to propositions. For this purpose, they devised several types of non-identity or distinction. This chapter calls attention to the taxonomy of the distinction of reason, which was meant to save opposite predicates from contradiction when real identity is supposed to obtain between their respective subjects, A and B. It is to a certain degree about Pierre Aureol's teaching on this issue. It focuses on a dispute in the mid-17th century. This later source gives us the sense of Aureol's being very much alive at that time. The theory of the distinctio rationis ratiocinantis opens a window revealing Peter Aureol's presence in 17th-century Scotism. His presence occasioned a crack in traditional Scotistic definition of the distinction of reason.

Keywords: 17th-century Scotism; distinction of reason; Pierre Aureol; real identity; taxonomy



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