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Nominal Morphology

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Chapter Summary

Morphology of the Dhimal noun phrase is treated in this chapter, beginning with the major derivational processes, nominalisation, adjectives and gender. This is followed by the category of number, including numerals, classifiers and measure words. The chapter presents an examination of pronominals, reflexives, postpositions and comparatives. Dhimal nouns may be monomorphemic or polymorphemic. Many polymorphemic nouns are made up of recognisable compounds containing either another lexical noun or an affix. The Dhimal pronominal system distinguishes person, number, kinship and spatial location (in 3rd person). Pronominals make no sex distinctions. Use of personal pronouns tends to occur only when emphatic or contrastive. Most verbs which take reflexive or middle marking in other languages are already encoded with reflexive semantics in Dhimal.

Keywords: Dhimal nouns; Dhimal pronominal system; nominal morphology; reflexive morpheme; reflexive semantics

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