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Verbal Morphology

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Chapter Summary

This chapter addresses the morphological categories of the Dhimal verb. It begins with an examination of morphological processes of the verb, followed by copulas and manner adverbs. This is followed by a discussion on the inflection of the finite verb, tense and aspect categories, including the periphrastic tenses, and the deictic motion morphemes. The rest of the chapter describes the mood categories, including optatives, adhortatives and imperatives. To encode temporal and aspectual meaning, Dhimal has a variety of morphosyntactic tools under its belt: morphological, periphrastic and reduplicative. Dhimal has a set of five bound suffixes that impart a sense of motion to the verb and ground the situation in space in relation to a deictic referent. The directives discussed here include the optative, the dual, plural and affinal adhortatives, and the admonitive.

Keywords: adhortatives; affinal kin register; copulas; Dhimal verb; optative; suffixes; verbal morphology

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