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The Sentence

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Chapter Summary

Dhimal makes use of non-finite verb clauses to encode temporal, logical and manner relations between propositions. Non-finite clauses tend to precede the main clause and are unmarked for person, tense or aspect. This chapter first deals with non-final verbal morphemes. Many of the non-final verbal morphemes serve multiple functions, including the structuring of information in discourse and indicating agent-oriented modalities. Next, the chapter discusses morphemes that consist of utterance-final particles along with one verbal affix. It further examines relative clauses, reported speech and complementation. Finally, the chapter looks at various interrogative coding strategies including conjoined alternate clauses, the interrogative particle na, the tag question particle mə and the adhortative agreement marker aũ.

Keywords: Dhimal; interrogative coding strategies; morphemes; non-finite verb clauses; relative clauses; reported speech; sentence structure

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