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The International Legal And Policy Framework For Sustainable Fisheries

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Chapter Summary

The prevention, deterrence, and elimination of IUU fishing is a key component of promoting the sustainable management of fisheries resources. Because of this, the international legal framework to address IUU fishing justifiably lies within the scope of the international framework for sustainable fisheries as a whole. The modern international legal and policy framework regulating fisheries can be divided into two categories: legally binding multilateral agreements and non-binding instruments, or so-called "soft law" instruments. The WTO has not adopted a separate agreement with specific rules on fisheries matters. Fisheries remains covered by General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 1994, as well as specific agreements such as the Agreements on Technical Barriers to Trade, Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures, Pre-shipment Inspection, Rules of Origin, Import Licensing Procedures, and Subsidies and Countervailing Measures. Fishing vessel safety has been a matter of concern for the International Maritime Organization (IMO).

Keywords: international legal framework; IUU fishing; legally binding multilateral agreements; maritime safety; non-binding instruments; trade related agreements



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