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Port State Measures

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Chapter Summary

A port State can play a critical role in preventing IUU caught fish from entering the market and international trade, hence reducing the financial incentives that may be gained from such activities. IUU fishing is not only caused by ineffective flag State control and inadequate coastal State enforcement. Because under international law States have full sovereignty over their ports and to control their nationals, discussions among States on port State measures have mostly concentrated on foreign vessels. Port State measures that may be applied to foreign fishing vessels include the requirement for fishing vessels to seek permission prior to their entry into ports; designation of ports where foreign flagged vessels may be admitted; the inspection of fishing vessels in ports; and enforcement actions such as the refusal to land or transship fish in ports if there is clear evidence that the fishing vessel has engaged in IUU fishing.

Keywords: foreign fishing vessels; IUU fishing; port State measures



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