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At The Top Of The Hierarchical Ladder: Were-Animals In Annette Curtis Klauses Blood And Chocolate And Patrice Kindls Owl In Love

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Chapter Summary

In contemporary Western societies, human-animals are so firmly embedded in speciesist anthropocentric biases that establish animals as "nonhuman animals" or "animal others," they are incapable of imagining that animals have the capacity for far more agency than they themselves will ever wield. In their Magic Realist novels Blood and Chocolate (1997) and Owl in Love (1994), two Young Adult authors, Annette Curtis Klause and Patrice Kindl respectively, posit that human-animals lack the agency (thus, the ability, power, and intelligence) to sit a top the evolutionary ladder; this rung is occupied by were-animals. These authors question and subvert representations of human-animals and animals through a dissolution of boundaries constructed by anthropocentric belief systems. Klause and Kindl attempt to situate readers in the affective experience of animal through their creation of kinship between human-animals and were-animals.

Keywords: Annette Curtis Klause; anthropocentric belief systems; Blood and Chocolate; human-animals; Owl in Love; Patrice Kindl



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