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Targum And The New Testament: A Revisit

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Chapter Summary

Targums, that is Aramaic translations of the Hebrew Bible, of the rabbinic tradition, came to the attention of Christian scholars in the West in the early Renaissance period. During the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries scholars examined the importance of the targums, or rather individual targum texts, for theological and exegetical purposes, in efforts to elucidate New Testament (NT) texts. There are a number of ways in which one could study the question of a possible relationship of the targums to the NT. One is through examination of individual themes (for instance; the Binding of Isaac; the Passover Night; Judah's Confession regarding Tamar). This chapter examines the question of general phraseology, concepts common in the Gospel, and as well as this going in greater detail into some individual themes and motifs.

Keywords: Hebrew Bible; New Testament; rabbinic tradition; Renaissance period; targums



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