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The Jalayirid Connection In Mamluk Metalware

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Chapter Summary

A copper basin inscribed with the name of the Jalayirid sultan Uways (r. 1360-74) reveals stylistic parallels between Mamluk and Iranian metalworking in the late fourteenth century. A review of the characteristics of Mamluk metalwork between the thirteenth and the fifteenth centuries demonstrates that these parallels were due to a Mamluk, i.e., Egyptian or Syrian, influence on the art of the Jalayirids in Iran, Iraq, and Azerbaijan. While exploring the tradition of Mamluk tinned copper vessels, this chapter demonstrates that the prototypes of the Uways basin are to be found in this context rather than in Iranian metalwork. Diplomatic and commercial exchanges presented plenty of opportunities for artistic interaction. However, the connections between the Jalayirid and the Mamluk courts at the end of the fourteenth century may have provided an additional impetus for exchanges between western Iran and Iraq on one side and Egypt and Syria on the other.

Keywords: Iranian metalworking; Jalayirid connection; Jalayirid sultan Uways; Mamluk metalwork



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