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Gods And Temples

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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides the summary comments about the names and functions of many deities in Hebei, Shanxi, Shandong and Henan. Local temples in north China are considered to be residences for the gods, represented by their images. The deities discussed in the chapter developed against a background of official religion supported by governments at all levels of administration. For the Ming period, Romeyn Taylor provides an excellent discussion of this background, beginning with the understanding of the cosmic order that was believed to support it. Between 1941-1948 the Belgian scholar Willem A. Grootaers did excellent field work with two Chinese colleagues in what was then called Chahar, a province that was abolished in 1952, with most of its area allocated to Inner Mongolia, but parts also to Shanxi and Hebei.

Keywords: Hebei; Henan; north China; Shandong; Shanxi; temples; Willem A. Grootaers



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