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Gods And Cults

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Chapter Summary

The survey found over 1500 differently named gods worshipped in the temples of the Putian plains. The cult of Wu Xing, founder of the Yanshou Weir, is important in the northern irrigated plain. Certain gods and goddesses have an early connection to local history and cultic life in the Putian plains. One might imagine that local spirits of the earth would represent the most fundamental unit of Chinese local ritual space. Official cults and gods symbolizing orthodox values play an important role in the evolution of the Putian pantheon. The group of gods whose popularity is reflected in the popular plays and novels of the mid to late Ming include Qitian dasheng and Puji shenghou and Xuantian shangdi. Several gods worshipped in the Putian plains can be traced to neighbouring cultural regions.

Keywords: cults; Gods; Puji shenghou; Putian plains; Qitian dasheng; Xuantian shangdi



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