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Soldiers And Merchants: Aspects Of Migration From Europe To Asia In The Dutch East India Company In The Eighteenth Century

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses two aspects of the "Dutch East India Company (VOC) migration": the recruitment of soldiers and junior merchants by the directors of the VOC. These groups represent the extremes in the hierarchy of the VOC, the soldiers being the lowest, the junior merchants the highest rank of those who entered the service of the Company. Around one third of the workforce hired by company in Europe for its Asian factories were soldiers. Thus, some 220,000 soldiers sailed to Asia on one of the Dutch East Indiamen after 1700. The outbreak of the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War in December 1780 forced the directors to take action. The disaster of 1782 provided Baron van Plettenberg with an opportunity to get rid of another problem-the presence of a 'Luxembourg regiment' at the Cape.

Keywords: Baron van Plettenberg; Dutch East India Company (VOC); Europe; Luxembourg regiment; merchants; migration; soldiers



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