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Aristotle'S Categories And The Soul: An Annotated Translation Of Al-Kindī’S That There Are Separate Substances

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Chapter Summary

One of the first philosophical works available to authors writing in Arabic was Aristotle's Categories. This should come as no surprise. Logic occupied the first place within the Aristotelian curriculum both in the Arabic and the earlier Greek traditions. In fact, the Categories gained considerable importance amongst Christian authors of the Syriac tradition, which bridged the gap between Late Greek and early Arabic thought. In a critique of the doctrine of the Trinity, al-Kindī himself implicitly confirms that these basic logical texts enjoyed great popularity among Christians of his own day. He mentions that he has used ideas drawn from the Isagoge because it is well-known to his Christian opponents, and more generally because it is a text known even to students. One might object that al-Kindī's argument mistakenly shows that the soul will share the name and definition of body, if it is said essentially of the body.

Keywords: al-Kindī; Aristotle; soul; Trinity



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