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Chapter Summary

This introductory chapter explores concepts from Clement's lost work Hypotyposeis as summarised in the 109th codex of Photios Bibliotheca. Photios found eight highly controversial, 'heretical', opinions in Clement's Hypotyposeis that he outlined very briefly, without any extensive quotations from the original document. Photios lived in a highly charged political, religious and theological milieu. Three main elements contributed to the specific intellectual and spiritual flavour of this milieu: the theological and liturgical opposition to, and later triumph over, iconoclasm; the phenomenon of Byzantine humanism; and, finally, Byzantine monastic theology, the 'monastic party', of the time. Photios' views of Clement of Alexandria were influenced by the background and shaped by his exegetical methods and preference for the concrete over the abstract. The chapter presents an overview of how the other chapters of the book are organized.

Keywords: Alexandria; Bibliotheca; Clement's Hypotyposeis ; Photios



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