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Humanism And Religion In The Works Of Spinoza

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Chapter Summary

This chapter deals about a definition of prophecy, which is explained with the joke drawn from Exodus 7:1, where God says to Moses, &t;See, I have made thee a God to Pharaoh, and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet&t;. It is very fitting for the Humanism and Religion in the works of Spinoza to begin with Exodus, the flight from Egypt, because that is the beginning of all religion, of all theology and of all politics. This chapter discusses about prophecy, natural reason, Moses, Christ, and philological investigation of the Bible. The Book of Nature and the Bible both refer to God's creation and strengthen each other's message. Spinoza's high praise of the threesome Epicurus, Democritus and Lucretius in Epistula is not surprising, therefore, though there are some differences too. Spinoza not only rejects their theory of empty space and atoms.

Keywords:Democritus; Epicurus; Humanism; Lucretius; Moses; prophecy; RELIGION; SPINOZA



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