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Modern Humanism As Philosophical Autobiography: Pretending And Understanding Selfhood In Descartes And Fichte

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Chapter Summary

Like other people, philosophers have occasionally attempted to tell the story of their own lives. Even the famous catalyst of this remarkable event is present: the winter and the hot stove (at the time of this work Fichte was living in Zurich, where it was indubitably very cold); these very much resemble the winter and the poele described in Descartes's Discours. Neither Descartes's cogito, nor Fichte's self-posing &t;absolute I&t; recount the personal histories of their discoverers or give even the essentials of their personal existence. But if we describe it in this way, we should take cognizance of the specifically Kantian sense of the word &t;transcendental&t;. But let us return to Descartes and Fichte, the two heroes of early modern and modern egology, to ask some final questions.

Keywords:descartes; fichte; humanism; Kantian sense; selfhood; transcendental; Zurich



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