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Chapter Summary

By the late sixteenth century the resident embassy, although still a relatively novel development in the history of diplomacy, was already a well-established institution. This was underlined by the willingness even of princes of different religions to exchange ambassadors, as noted with approval in 1585 by the influential lawyer Alberico Gentili. In 1583 such an embassy was created and William Harborne, a merchant and former member of parliament who enjoyed close connections with Elizabeth's Privy Council and had been in Turkey three years earlier, was confirmed as England's first ambassador. Furtherance of trade with the Levant was without doubt the main English interest in developing diplomatic relations with Turkey at the end of the sixteenth century and remained so for many years afterwards. Promoting trade may have been the main priority, but even during Harborne's time a political interest in English friendship with Turkey had also become important.

Keywords: Elizabeth's Privy Council; english embassy; Turkey



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