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Caught Between Nature And Culture: Making A Living Within The World Heritage Site Of Machu Picchu, Peru

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Chapter Summary

Machu Picchu is world renowned as an Inca archaeological site. This chapter touches upon the Sanctuary's conservation problems. It focuses on tourism politics, the related definitions of conservation, natural and cultural heritage and their consequences for the livelihood of the campesinos. By analysing the discourse of the two state agencies responsible for the preservation of the Sanctuary- namely the Instituto Nacional de Cultura (INC) and the Instituto de Recursos Naturales (INRENA)-it argues that natural heritage and cultural heritage are defined in such a way that there is little room left for the campesinos. The chapter focuses on tourism strategies used by the campesinos that live within the Sanctuary. It concludes by presenting the varying interpretations of the campesinos, UNESCO and Peruvian institutions as to what the relationship of the campesinos within the Sanctuary to Machu Picchu's touted natural and cultural heritage is and should be.

Keywords: campesinos; conservation problems; cultural heritage; Instituto de Recursos Naturales (INRENA); Instituto Nacional de Cultura (INC); Machu Picchu; natural heritage; Peru; tourism politics; world heritage site



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