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Higher Education In The Low Countries

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Chapter Summary

The Deventer Athenaeum was inaugurated in 1630, after more than thirty years of preparation, and it was followed by Amsterdam Athenaeum two years later. The initiative to create these institutes of higher education came from different authorities: usually municipal or provincial, but in the case of Harderwijk it was that of the local district government at Gelre. In order to better understand why the Amsterdam Athenaeum was created, it will be worth examining the reasons for establishment of other universities and illustrious schools. In 1640 the Amsterdam professor Johannes Cabeliau offered a standard repertoire of reasons for creating an illustrious school. Firstly, the city did not want to be inferior to other European cities in the field of education. Secondly, the children were not intellectually developed enough due to their premature departure from Latin school: not after completing the course but simply after spending the six years that were required.

Keywords: Amsterdam Athenaeum; Deventer Athenaeum; Harderwijk; higher education; illustrious schools; Johannes Cabeliau; Latin school; low countries; universities



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