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The Codification Of The Qurʾan: A Comment On The Hypotheses Of Burton And Wansbrough

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Chapter Summary

Christoph Luxenberg's proposed Syro-Aramaic reading of the Qurʾā, which has figured prominently during the conference from which the present volume has emerged, can be classed together with two other very well-known theories, those of Patricia Crone/Michael Cook and John Wansbrough. All three approaches either mistrust or completely reject the Arabic accounts concerning the early Islamic period. Crone/Cook do so with regard to historical traditions about early Islam in general, while Wansbrough argues against the traditional account of how the Qurʾāic text has come into being, and Luxenberg casts doubt on the traditional reading of the Qurʾā. John Burton's theory that it was the Prophet himself who was responsible for the "final edition" of the Qurʾā should also be mentioned in this context, since it also dismisses the respective Islamic account as fictitious.

Keywords: early Islam; John Burton's theory; Qurʾan; Wansbrough's theory



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