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The Second Maşāhif Project: A Step Towards The Canonization Of The Qur’Anic Text

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Chapter Summary

Although the official redaction of the Qurʾā as a codex (muṣḥaf) that was initiated by the third caliph, ʿUthmān b. ʿAffān (d. 35/655), has been discussed by scholars at great length, it should be noted that around some fifty years later, i.e., in the years between 84 and 86 AH (703-705 CE), another project was accomplished with a similar objective. This latter project, which the chapter likes to designate here as "the second maṣāḥif project," has scarcely been dealt with in the scholarship on the Qurʾā. The chapter argues that this initiative was an important step toward the canonization of the Qurʾā. The aim of this chapter is to examine this project systematically. It traces the role and contribution of Umayyad rulers as well as the participation of the contemporaneous ʿulamāʾ in this project.

Keywords: ʿulamāʾ; Qurʾan; Second Masahif Project; Umayyad rulers



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