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Context: Language, Measures And Festivals

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Chapter Summary

The earliest inscription from Chambā is dated to the eighth century CE and is in Sanskrit. Most of the inscriptions prior to the eleventh century use the Śāradā script-signifying the overarching Kashmiri hegemony over the region. The festival cycle was based on the lunar calendar, and each month was divided into two halves. The first half-pakṣa of the month was the dark one-Kṛṣṇa, the period of waning moon that culminated in the full-moon; and the second half was the light-Śukla, or the period of waxing moon. There were certain local cess like deśa-rīta and the levy of goats, which were contributed to the state or to the sacred institutions like Charpatṇāth, for the purpose of sacrifice on particular occasions. Every year, new clothes were offered to the deity on the festivity of Basanta-Pañcamī, the fifth day of the spring festival-heralding the New Year.

Keywords: Śāradā script; Chambā; Charpatṇāth; festival cycle

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