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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents five documents: land grants, the monetary affairs, Charpaṭ Maṇimaheśa Pilgrimage and Joga-Jātrā, Charpaṭ: the economics of ritual, legality and rights: claims to land, cultural cess and Priesthood. The relationship between the ideological sector and the state was symbiotic-the state sustained it and in turn sought the instruments of legitimation. The land grants subsequently made to the Jogis of Charpaṭnāth affirm this symbiotic relationship. The annual/biannual collection that the Jogīs received is significant also because of its size. While we have examples of huge endowments made to big shrines or other religious institutions, these grants are typical because they are so small. They are indicative of things that worked at the level of 'locality' or for the regional kingdoms; in as much how the small shrines figured in the fiscal arrangement of the state, vital as they were for creating consent for the rulers.

Keywords: Charpaṭ Maṇimaheśa Pilgrimage; cultural cess; Jogīs; Priesthood



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