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Interpretation Of Psalm 2 In 4qflorilegium And In The New Testament

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Chapter Summary

Interpretation of texts from the Jewish Scriptures was vitally important both in the non-biblical writings found among the Dead Sea Scrolls and in the books of Christian New Testament. Both Qumran and early Christian interpreters were attracted to Davidic nature of the psalm and to its promise of divine retribution against those who opposed God's "anointed". The text was interpreted as speaking of Jesus as God's messiah by a number of New Testament authors, and it also was addressed in a Qumran pesher. In this chapter attention is given to Psalm 2 as it stands in the Hebrew Bible. Next, it considers how this psalm is utilized in New Testament, with emphasis on its use in Acts and Hebrews. It then focuses on textual evidence and use of Ps 2 in Dead Sea Scrolls. Finally, a proposal is offered for why the text was interpreted in 4QFlorilegium as it was.

Keywords: 4QFlorilegium; Davidic nature; Dead Sea Scrolls; God's messiah; Hebrew Bible; interpretation; Jewish Scriptures; New Testament; Psalm 2; Qumran



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