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4q521 And Luke’S Magnificat And Benedictus

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Chapter Summary

This chapter compares the fascinating text in 4Q521 2 II 1-15 with Luke's Magnificat and Benedictus in order to discern whether the Dead Sea Scrolls text and New Testament texts might illumine each other. It shows that the comparison is worthwhile and that the comparison helps to understand better the origins of Luke's canticles, a question that continues to be of interest to New Testament scholars. It gives a new insight into Palestinian Judaism and Palestinian Jewish Christianity. There are three presuppositions about Luke's canticles. The first is that the Magnificat and Benedictus are pre-Lukan canticles that Luke has inserted into his narrative. The second is that Benedictus consists of two distinct parts. The first part, in Luke 1:68-75 and the second part, in 1:76-79. The third is that the Magnificat and the Benedictus come from the same or similar circles.

Keywords: 4Q521; Benedictus; Dead Sea Scrolls; Jewish Christianity; Luke's canticles; Magnificat; New Testament texts; Palestinian Judaism



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