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Qumran Between The Old And The New Testament

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Chapter Summary

The New Testament and the Dead Sea Scrolls are the product of two similar Jewish reform movements, both guided by a strong charismatic leader, both interpreting the Scripture in an actualizing way, applying its prophecies to their present situation, both with very strong eschatological expectations, whose members shared the conviction that they were the chosen remnant of true Israel, the New Covenant at the end of days. This chapter considers the relationship between these two corpora (Dead Sea Scrolls and New Testament) in terms of different evolutionary phases starting from a common ground (Hebrew Bible) and it shows both corpora as different expressions of the multiform reality that was Palestinian Judaism. Both the Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Testament reveal that many and various developments did take place in Judaism and were written from the same basic source: the religious authoritative writings that would later become the Hebrew Bible.

Keywords: Dead Sea Scrolls; Hebrew Bible; Jewish reform movements; New Covenant; New Testament; Old Testament; Palestinian Judaism; Qumran



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