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That By The Law Of Nations Trade Is Free Between Whomsoever

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Chapter Summary

This chapter contains the English translation of chapter VIII of Hugo Grotius' Mare Liberum, and screenshots of each page of the original text written in Latin. If the Portuguese maintain that they have a certain exclusive right to engage in trade with the (East) Indians, their contention will be refuted by practically all of the arguments already advanced. Under the law of nations, the following principle was established: that all men should have the power to trade freely with one another, nor might they be deprived of that power by any person. Retail trade is a humble pursuitc; but wholesale commerce is more creditable, and when maritime transportation is involved, since this phase of commerce enables many people to enjoy a share in many things. Freedom of trade, then, springs from the primary law of nations, which has a natural and permanent cause, so that it cannot be abrogated.

Keywords: East India; law of nations; Portuguese; retail trade



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