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That Trade With The Indians Does Not Belong To The Portuguese By Title Of Papal Donation

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Chapter Summary

This chapter contains the English translation of chapter X of Hugo Grotius' Mare Liberum, and screenshots of each page of the original text written in Latin. There is no person who has the power to bestow by grant that which is not his own; and the Pope- unless he is the temporal master of the whole world an assumption which wise men reject- cannot maintain that even the universal right of trade belongs to him. If the Pope wished to bestow the said right upon the Portuguese alone, while taking it away from all other men, he would be inflicting a twofold injury. First, he would injure the (East) Indians and then injure both Christians and non-Christians. It must be acknowledged that no papal authority is effective against the eternal law of nature and of nations, the source of that very freedom which is destined to endure for all time.

Keywords: East India; Papal; Pope; Portuguese; right of trade



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