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Eu Anti-Discrimination Law: Historical Development And Main Concepts

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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides an overview of the historical development of European Union (EU) antidiscrimination law, including references to some landmark cases of the European Court of Justice (ECJ). It discusses the main concepts of direct and indirect discrimination, harassment and sexual harassment. The chapter describes the mechanisms of enforcement. The gender pay gap was addressed by the European Economic Community in 1957, but the principle of equal pay between male and female workers for work of equal value was also already established in other international law instruments. Two specific directives in which the principle of non-discrimination is also enshrined apply to part-time workers and fixed-term workers. Both directives are meant to implement a framework agreement of the European social partners (ETUC, UNICE and CEEP), which forms the annex of the directives.

Keywords: European Court of Justice (ECJ); European Union (EU) antidiscrimination law; gender pay gap; historical development; sexual harassment



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