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Differences Between The Mt And LXX Contexts Of Old Testament Quotations In The New Testament: Isaiah 45:18-25 As A Case Study

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Chapter Summary

This chapter indicates the differences between the contexts of the Masoretic Text (MT) and the LXX in a pericope which forms the contextual basis of more than one quotation in the New Testament - Isaiah (Isa) 45:18-25. It analyzes Isa 45:14-25 in the MT, as it is the text most commented upon of the two and will form a good basis against which the LXX text is compared. Differences in the contexts of the two texts are then highlighted by comparing the LXX to the MT. Finally, some reflections are given on the impact of these differences in the way the New Testament is understood. An important difference between the LXX and the MT in Isa 45:18-25 is that the LXX is almost invariably more lucid than the MT. This might be due to the nature of the LXX as a translation.

Keywords: Isaiah (Isa) 45:18-25; LXX; Masoretic Text (MT); New Testament; Old Testament



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