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Wisdom In The Wisdom Of Solomon And Cleanthes Hymn To Zeus

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Chapter Summary

In the case of the Wisdom of Solomon and Cleanthes' Hymn to Zeus there are good reasons why a comparative reading would be appropriate and productive. There is general consensus that the Wisdom of Solomon shows clear signs of Stoic influence, while Cleanthes' Hymn to Zeus is one of the best representative texts of early Stoicism. It is therefore not surprising that these two texts have important central topoi in common, such as the role of Reason (Logos) or Wisdom (Sophia) in structuring and maintaining the cosmic order, and the moral problem presented by people who do not recognise God's providential care of the world. The two texts use comparable strategies to address these issues: both contain hymnic celebrations of the divine beings responsible for the world-order, as well as a protreptic element in which human beings are exhorted to recognise and obey the divine dispensation.

Keywords: Cleanthes; Hymn to Zeus; Wisdom of Solomon



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