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Institutions Of Trade In 1 And 2 Kings

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Chapter Summary

The primary international institution in the Levant was created by the Mediterranean "superhighway".The thirteenth century shipwreck at Uluburun demonstrates the richness of the Mediterranean economy in the Late Bronze Age. Ancient Israel and Judah, the kingdoms at the center of The Books of Kings, were insular highland agricultural organizations. The details of the relationship between Israel, Judah, and the world of Mediterranean trade were shaped by the distinctive geography of the region. Omri's transfer of the capital from eastward looking Tirzah to westward looking Samaria, and Ahab's marriage to Jezebel were two structural changes which deepened the relationship between the Israelites and the commercial world of Phoenicia. The marketplace setting may provide some rationale for the dialogue between the Aramean king and his Israelite captor in 1 Kgs 20:34.

Keywords: ancient Israel; ancient Judah; international institution; Mediterranean trade; Samaria; The Books of Kings



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