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Qumran Fragments Of The Books Of Kings

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Chapter Summary

The Qumran parabiblical writings and other Qumran texts contain paraphrases and allusions based upon passages from Kings, as well as upon the figures of the prophets Elijah and Elisha, and of the kings David, Solomon, Manasseh and Josiah. The biblical manuscripts from Qumran confirm the antiquity of the text of the Masoretic tradition in Kings (as for defective orthography for example), but also confirm the text-critical value of the ancient Greek version. Allusions to Kings contained in Qumran writings make reference to the prophets Elijah and Elisha and to the kings David, Solomon and Manasseh. They represent developments from the biblical texts, but at times they may preserve ancient traditions which did not make their way into the biblical texts. Masoretic text (MT) and Septuagint (LXX) differ considerably throughout 1-2 Kings with regard to synchronisms and the counting of the years of the divided monarchy.

Keywords: 1-2 Kings; biblical manuscripts; Elijah; King David; King Manasseh; King Solomon; Qumran manuscripts



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