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The Text Of 1–2 Kings Used By Josephus

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Chapter Summary

The text of 1-2 Kings is problematic in many respects: first many words or even verses are difficult to understand; second, in comparison with the Greek versions, it is quite different in order and content; third, the parallel portions in two Chronicles sometimes appear to have a more original text. This chapter aims at demonstrating two statements: first, Josephus never used any known Greek translation of the Bible for 1-2 Kings, although he was aware of the Letter of Aristeas (incidentally, the same is true from Genesis through 1 Maccabees). Second, his source for 1-2 Kings has some contacts with the source of Antiochian (Lucianic) recension (£), but on the whole it is quite close to the Massoretic text (MT); however, it has some peculiar features which suggest that he did not have 2 Chronicles as one know it.

Keywords: 1-2 Kings; Greek translation; Josephus; Massoretic text (MT)

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