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Kings And External Textual Sources: Assyrian, Babylonian And North-West Semitic

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Chapter Summary

The resurgence of Assyrian power in the last quarter of the 10th c. BCE, after 150 years of weakness in the face of Aramaean tribal movements, resulted in a gradual extension of Assyrian campaigns westwards. Many of the Assyrian royal inscriptions provide dates for the events they report by eponyms and some of them, like legal and administrative documents, are dated by eponyms. Babylonian rulers continued the ancient practice of mentioning their deeds within records of their pious building works. The neighboring kingdoms of Assyria and Babylonia frequently contested their common border and a tablet from Ashurbanipal's library in Nineveh lists the shifting of the line as one power or the other was dominant. Rulers of the small kingdoms of the Levant had stone monuments engraved with their names and their actions, usually their pious deeds, in alphabetic script and, mostly, West Semitic languages.

Keywords: Assyrian royal inscriptions; Babylonia royal inscriptions; West Semitic languages



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