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External Textual Sources – Neo-Hittite States

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Chapter Summary

The narratives of 1-2 Kings include some three main direct mentions of "Hittites" in their narratives, two under Solomon, and one under the Omrides (ca. 970-840 BCE), in somewhat over a century. In differing contexts, two of these allusions link Egypt and the Hittites in one continuum each time. In all three cases, the Hittites concerned are those now termed 'Neo-Hittites'; in North Syria and South-East Anatolia they spoke and wrote in Late Luwian with Luwian hieroglyphs, the so-called 'Hittite hieroglyphs', and drew upon the old imperial Hittite cultural tradition. When the central power-base of the great Hittite Empire in central Anatolia ceased to function ca. 1180/70 BCE, and the line of its Great Kings ceased to rule, then the rulers of two of its major dominions set themselves up as more localised Great Kings instead, each with their group of vassal-rulers.

Keywords: 1-2 Kings; Egypt; Neo-Hittites; Omrides; Solomon



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