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Intertwined And Cleft Histories Of Hindi And Urdu

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Chapter Summary

This appendix describes the intricate relationship between Hindi and Urdu. After a short introduction, it traces their common roots and gives an overview of their intertwined and cleft histories. It then explains how politics and language, cultural and religious ideologies shape changing patterns of Hindi-Urdu convergence and divergence. This complex language history leads us naturally to the issue of the confusion in nomenclature; it is difficult, if not impossible, to unravel the knot of Hindi, Urdu and Hindustani. The chapter also looks at the birth of the New Indian languages from which Hindi and Urdu sprout. It then explains the evolution of the language(s) during the different periods of Indian history. Finally, the chapter determines whether the two varieties can be separated along the same lines as they are today. Do the terms Hindi and Urdu mean today what they meant then and vice versa?.

Keywords: Hindi; politics; religious ideologies; Urdu



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