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III. Syntax

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Chapter Summary

Biblical Hebrew narrative is characterised by the use of the wayyiqṭol for the expression of sequential past actions; the qaṭal is not generally employed in these settings. Direct negative commands in the corpus are conveyed using a second person yiqṭol prefixed by either of the negators אל or לא. The qoṭels in the corpus can be negated by either of the particles אין or לא. In Rabbinic Hebrew qoṭels are usually negated with אין. While wayyiqṭols are most frequently found following an initial qaṭal, they appear sporadically at the beginning of a sentence or paragraph. There are two possible explanations for this infrequent use of initial wayyiqṭols. Single infinitives absolute in the corpus appearing in conjunction with finite verbs of the same root always precede the finite verbs rather than following them.

Keywords: Biblical Hebrew; infinitives; qaṭal; qoṭels; Rabbinic Hebrew; wayyiqṭol; yiqṭol



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