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The Environmental Sector

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Chapter Summary

This chapter introduces a refinement of the concept of environmental security that is followed by an analysis of the risk factors and threats and their consequences. It gives a special attention to environmental aspects related to Romania's accession in European Union (EU) such as capacity building and legislation approximation. The chapter focuses on the actors in the field: their variety, roles, and the outcomes of their activity. In what regards the influence of the external actors, EU's role in this sector is pointed out. The chapter analyses a securitization move that, given its elements, transforms the environmental sector into a highly consequential one for the democratization process in Romania. Accidental pollution events are major environmental accidents which may occur in relation to any structure of the environment. Approximation of the EU environmental requirements poses a major challenge to the candidate countries.

Keywords:accidental pollution; environmental sector; environmental security; European Union (EU); Romania



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