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Chapter Four

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Chapter Summary

This chapter deals with various skills (intellectual and cognitive abilities, affective and temperamental traits) that concern the ability of quickly and deeply understanding, and concern intellectual acuteness, cognitive wealth and moral discernment. Among the deficiencies, the chapter focuses on two categories: fear and weakness, and complex notions around foolishness. In the examination of some sources it can be noticed that the two attributes of weak and coward-weak are often logically contiguous in Chinese sources. The chapter examines the traits concerning determination, achievement-oriented personalities (ambition) and high self-evaluation (arrogancepride). Another important group of qualities concerns sociability, and positiveness in social relations. Such traits are useful for the success of the subject in society. They have often a moral tone as well, and can be rendered with 'kindness and benevolence', 'indulgence', 'warm-heart', and 'generosity'.

Keywords: Chinese sources; moral discernment; personality traits



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