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AC RURSUS Nova Laborum Facies: Tacitus’ Repetition Of Virgil’s Wars At Histories 3.26–34

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses 'repetitive' passage in the Histories 3.26-34, the account of the Flavian defeat of the Vitellian forces outside Cremona (3.26-29), and the subsequent sack of that city (3.30-34). At several points in this passage, Tacitus imports language from Virgil's prototypical Roman wars, the Trojan War of Aeneid 2 and the LatinWar of Aeneid 7-12, the latter of which Virgil presents as a repetition of the former. In this way the chapter argues Tacitus perpetuates the cycle of war begun by Virgil, and extends it into his civil war account. Many Virgilian correspondences in this passage from Histories 3 have been noted-by, for example, Schmaus long ago, and more recently by Baxter.

Keywords: Cremona; Flavian; Histories 3.26-34; LatinWar of Aeneid 7-12; Tacitus; Trojan War of Aeneid 2; Virgil's prototypical Roman wars



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