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The UNCLOS Negotiations On Ice-Covered Areas

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Chapter Summary

As the Arctic is an ocean, the United Nations Law of the Sea Convention (UNCLOS) fully applies. One of the most important negotiations during the Law of the Sea Conference, in fact, related to Arctic issues. Thus, Article 234 specifically deals with ice-covered areas. This chapter discusses the background and importance of the ice-covered area negotiation by Ambassador John Norton Moore who carried out the negotiations on the Article. It discusses the normal applicability of the other provisions of UNCLOS as they apply to the Arctic including the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), the extended continental shelf, the high seas provisions, boundary delimitation, and dispute resolution.

Keywords: Article 234; Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ); ice-covered area; UNCLOS



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