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National Maritime Claims In The Arctic

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Chapter Summary

Encircling the Arctic Ocean are the five coastal States of Russia, the United States, Canada, Denmark (Greenland), and Norway. The geography of the surrounding coastlines, and the morphology and geology of the subsurface features, ensures the vast majority of the Arctic Ocean and its continental shelf will come under the national jurisdiction of these five Arctic States. The status of maritime boundaries dividing these zones in the Arctic spans from signed bilateral agreements to managed disputes. While some have expressed concern over these overlapping zones as a potential flash point among the five Arctic States, the reality is these disputes are not much different from other areas across the globe where overlapping disputes are managed. This chapter reviews each of the areas of agreement and dispute in the Arctic Ocean basin.

Keywords: Arctic Ocean basin; Arctic States; Canada; maritime boundaries; maritime zones; Norway; Russia; United States



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