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Arctic Strategy And Military Security

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Chapter Summary

On January 9, 2009, the US president signed National Security Presidential Directive 66 (NSPD-66), Arctic Region Policy. The foremost purpose of the policy was to take into account changes in national security and homeland defense that have unfolded since President Bill Clinton signed the previous presidential directive on the Arctic in 1994. The European Union and NATO are recalibrating their approach to the region just as Japan, China and Korea assess their future economic and security interests in the Arctic Ocean. The national security and homeland security interests set forth in the US Arctic policy represent a window into the Pentagon's goals and interests in the High North and mark the course for diplomacy, military engagement and future joint and combined operations. Safe, secure and unimpeded maritime transportation is critical to US economic security and the prosperity of the global economy.

Keywords: Arctic Ocean; Arctic Region Policy; European Union; homeland security; maritime security; military security; national security; National Security Presidential Directive 66 (NSPD-66)

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