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Northern Sea Route: Legal Issues And Current Transportation Practice

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Chapter Summary

"Severnui (Northern) sea route" (NSR), known in English as the "Northeast Passage" is the sea route between the 65th and 74th parallels. It is considered the shortest maritime way from (to) Europe to (from) Asia and American ports in comparison to the traditional waterways. During Soviet times the Government made all possible efforts to establish rules and realize effective management of polar navigation on the NSR sea lines, considering it an "internal national passage". From 1987 the Soviet Government made some steps to open this route for foreign navigation, but after the dissolution of the Soviet Union the demand for an Arctic transportation system dramatically reduced to 25-30 percent of its potential. Russian claims for control over NSR traffic flows need definite regulatory and organizational development both at the national and international levels.

Keywords: Arctic transportation system; foreign navigation; internal national passage; Northeast Passage; Severnui (Northern) sea route (NSR); Soviet Government



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