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Codifi Cation And A 'New' Sober Path

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explores the indigenous trends that complemented British initiatives to ensure the rigidification of religious boundaries. Historians declare that from the moment the East India Company gained footholds in South Asia at Madras, Calcutta, Bombay and Surat, 'Royal Charters' insured that English civil and criminal law would play a role in future administration. The influence of immanent monism is apparent in Wali Allah's understanding of Judgement Day, not to mention Heaven and Hell. In the domain of jurisprudence, Wali Allah categorically argued for ijtihad. Colonialism was the main way that scholars could foster the bonds between Muslims to give the 'religious' community a prominent place in the rapidly evolving order. Muhammad Qasim's principles touch upon the administration of the madrasa. Deobandi scholars were no more alone in promoting their vision of Islam in the period of British Raj, than the earlier Wali Allahis were isolated in their times.

Keywords: colonialism; Deobandi; East India Company; ijtihad; Islam; Judgement Day; madrasa; Muhammad Qasim; Wali Allah



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