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The Categories Of Doctrinal Islam

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Chapter Summary

In 1095, after four years as an instructor at the prestigious Madrasa al-Nizamiyya in Baghdad, jurist and theologian Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazali resigned for personal reasons. To better address the issue of the South Asian Muslim's 'connectedness' with the broader Muslim World, the chapter discusses about al-Ghazali's Munqidh min al-Dalal and adds his Ihya' 'Ulum al-Din, comparing them with the Kashf al-Mahjub of his South Asian contemporary, 'Ali ibn 'Uthman al-Hujwiri (d. 1072-7), whose tomb remains a major pilgrimage site in Lahore (Pakistan). To further illustrate the prevalence of these concepts, while also beginning to tie their doctrinal underpinnings to 'embeddedness' in South Asian cultures and institutions, the chapter delves into the writings of theologians, jurists, philosophers and mystics of various schools, originating in South Asia and across the Muslim World.

Keywords: 'Ali ibn 'Uthman al-Hujwiri; Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazali; Muslim world



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