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Citizens' Involvement And Social Policies In Chile: Patronage Or Participation?

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Chapter Summary

The processes of participation analysed in this chapter refer to how the most disadvantaged groups mobilize their resources collectively in order to compensate for social inequalities through the exercise of their rights. The chapter seeks to reconstruct the concepts of participation and citizenship through the analysis of the discourses and relations between the relevant actors in the implementation of social policies at local level since the 1990s. It examines the modalities of citizen participation in the implementation of social policies in the public sector. The point of reference consists of three models that define the relation between the state and the poor population: biddable funds for the advancement of organizations of the civil society; the alleged integral strengthening of the community; and the formation of supportive networks. Competing for funding as an allocation mechanism for public resources has its origin in the Solidarity and Social Investment Fund.

Keywords: Chilean social policies; citizen participation; civil society; participatory networks; public sector



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