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Aristotle's Perplexity Becomes Descartes's Doubt: Metaphysics 3, 1 And Methodical Doubt In Benito Pereira And René Descartes

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Chapter Summary

This chapter shows how aporeo became dubito when William Moebeke translated Aristotle's Metaphysics 3, 1. It also shows how discussions around the use of dubito and dubitandi were ridiculed by such philosophers as Pierre de La Ramée or criticized by Pedro da Fonseca and Francesco Suarez. This will supply the background for author contention that Metaphysics 3, 1 was turned by Jesuit Benito Pereira into a program for methodical doubt which exhibit similarities with René Descartes's. Metaphysics 3, 1 in the translation from the Greek into English carries no connotation of doubt, so it is necessary to look at the Aristotelian text in Latin. Aristotle introduced aporieo in metaphysics to help the philosopher find his way into metaphysics itself. Pereira used methodical doubt to examine doctrines in physics, eliminate those he found wanting, and to select those that were correct.

Keywords: Aristotle's Metaphysics; Jesuit Benito Pereira; René Descartes's



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