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The Hyperbolic Way to the Truth from Balzac to Descartes: "Toute Hyperbole tend là, de Nous Amener à la Vérité par l'excès de la Vérité, c'est-à-dire par le Mensonge"

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Chapter Summary

In this chapter, the author discusses some essential elements of Guez de Balzac's and René Descartes's education. Then, the author sets out significant examples, the definitions of rhetorical and geometrical hyperboles/æ and how they were treated in the XVIIth century and examines how the term "hyperbole" changed meaning in passing from Balzac to Descartes. One can also find several references to the use of hyperbole in the medieval period. Hyperbole entails the "good faith" of those who use it. It seems possible to state that the kind of hyperbole Descartes adopts in the Meditationes goes far beyond the ordinary meaning of the traditional rhetorical device.

Keywords: geometric hyperboles; Guez de Balzac's; René Descartes's; rhetorical hyperboles



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